Estimation Of Some Aspects Of Gender Equality on the Labour Market Using Methods Of Multiple Linear Regression and Anova

Tatiana COLESNICOVA, PhD, Associate Professor (
National Institute for Economic Research, Moldova
Elvira NAVAL, PhD, Associate Professor (
”Vladimir Andrunachievici” Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Moldova
Ghenadie CIOBANU, PhD, scientific researcher (
University ARTIFEX, Romania


Gender inequality is one of the social and economic challenges of society. Women actively contribute to social and economic development as employees, entrepreneurs and service providers. However, they are increasingly faced with unequal labour market conditions compared to men. Thus, the purpose of this research is to assess certain aspects of gender inequality in the labour market based on data selected from a gender questionnaire developed by the STCU project team using multiple linear regression and ANOVA methods necessary to monitor this situation. Of the twenty-seven indicators of the questionnaire, five were selected: perceptions of the existence of inequality in the workplace, gender, age, level of education and the economic activity sector. The results of the regression analysis and quantitative assessment of factors revealed that in spite of the significantly low level of education of men, compared to women, they occupy the most qualified jobs with significantly higher wages; women with even higher qualifications are less in demand in the private sector, both in leadership positions and in higher paid ones; for both men and women, age has the same impact in the workplace.

Keywords: ANOVA method, gender inequality, labour market, gender questionnaire, least squares method, multiple linear regression.
JEL: C12, J16, J7.

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Romanian Statistical Review 4/2022