Geostatistical Coordinates Regarding the Suicidal Phenomenon in Romania between 2011-2020

Vicențiu-Robert GABOR (
“Al. I. Cuza” University of Iasi, Iasi County Directorate of Statistics
Octavian GROZA (
“Al. I. Cuza” University of Iasi
National Institute of Statistics, “Al. I. Cuza” University of Iasi


As an absolute first in the Romanian scientific space, being conducted on a local scale, the research that led to the publication of this article aims to provide expert assistance to public authorities that have to manage the dynamics and social impact of suicide and to psychologist and other social scientist who study the various other dimensions of the suicide phenomenon. The general hypothesis of the present research is the following: although suicide seems to be an a-spatial phenomenon, it can have resilient, persistent evolutions that lead over time to the formation of relatively stable geospatial (geographical) structures. To study the phenomenon of suicide in Romania, we have at our disposal data provided by the National Institute of Forensic Medicine (NIFM) and the National Institute of Statistics (NIS). The data from NIFM are publicly available only for the period 2003-2019, at the national level and in the county profile. In our research, we used data from the NIS, for the period 2011-2020, at a much finer scale (Local Area Unit2 – LAU2). The data collected is processed using geostatistical methods that are accessible, robust and capable of identifying and visually representing (cartographically) the sensitive spaces where the suicide phenomenon takes place. For the quantitative and structural highlighting of suicides, we used cross tabulation analysis, box-plot analysis, neighbours order smoothing autocorrelation analysis with PhilCarto. The suicide rate calculated for the period 2011-2020 was 10.75 suicides per 100,000 inhabitants; in absolute values, for the studied period, 21,252 suicides were registered. Regarding this situation, the legitimate question arises: how many suicide attempts are behind of total number of 21,252 suicides? The conclusions of this article can be used in the public policymaking process aimed at preventing suicidal acts.
Keywords: suicide, suicide distribution, mental health, geostatistics, cartography
JEL Classification: C18, I12, J19

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Romanian Statistical Review 1/2023