Job offer on the Romanian labor market in digital economy

Carmen-Elena BĂNESCU (
Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
Emilia ȚIȚAN (
Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, Institute on National Economy
Daniela-Ioana MANEA (
Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romaniay, Institute on National Economy


The Fourth Industrial Revolution had a major impact on the labor market. There are many consequences of the digitalization of the economy, but this research shows the changes in supply structure on the Romanian labor market. The companies that are operating in Romania usually publish job opportunities on recruitment platforms. Using the web scraping techniques we will identify which jobs are currently available on the Romanian labor market, in which cities, but also the field of activity. First of all, we will analyze the concentration of jobs in cities. We will classify these jobs based on an official classification code used by the Romanian state, because the job offer is very wide. Moreover, we will analyze the level of experience and the level of training that the candidate must have.
In Romania, the main economic centers are Bucharest, Timisoara and Cluj-Napoca. In these three cities we also identify the highest concentration of jobs. There are many jobs in the IT field and those jobs that involve communication. Candidates with at least one year of experience in the field are preferred, as well as candidates who are willing to work full time. It can be noted that jobs with repetitive activity have almost disappeared, because they have been replaced by industrial robots. Also, it can be seen that employers are looking for candidates with higher education. In this step we will talk about job polarization phenomenon.
Finally, the paper aims to indicate the stage of development of the Romanian labor market and what young people need to know before choosing their future career. Also, this paper is the starting point of a wide research about digitalization on labor market.

Keywords: job offer, online platforms, digital economy, text mining, text processing, web scrapping, job polarization

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Romanian Statistical Review 3/2022