Refugees’ Self-Perceived Discrimination in Europe. A Statistical Analysis

Smaranda CIMPOERU (
Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Bucharest University of Economic Studies
Monica ROMAN
Bucharest University of Economic Studies


The paper aims at identifying the individual factors associated with self-perceived discrimination in the case of refugees residing in Europe. The study uses a number of non-parametric tests, as well as ordinal logistic regression, applied on a sample of 500 refugees, from the main origin countries (Syria, Iraq, Palestine). The results indicate that economic factors, such as being unemployed or having a low income are positively associated with discrimination. Demographic factors, such as gender or marital status are not significant predictors for discrimination. However, having more than three children increases the perceived discrimination, while age and arriving with the family decreases it. Other demographic factors such as gender or nationality did not prove to significantly affect discrimination.

Keywords: non-parametric tests, survey, discrimination, refugees, ordinal logistic regression
JEL Classification: J15, J61, C12

[Full Text]

Romanian Statistical Review 1/2021