Structural changes of labor in Romania after 1990

PhD Lavinia-Ştefania Ţoţan
Academy of Economic Studies – Bucharest
PhD Candidate Marinela Geamănu
Institute of National Economy
PhD Gabriela Tudose
National Institute for Labor and Social Protection


The labor market  is an important component of the entire economic system and for social-economic development. However, the labor market is known as the most inflexible of markets, the existence of the phenomenon of permanent labor mobility. After 1990, the Romanian society has experienced a series of economic and social transformation, new reforms covering all areas of activity. Simultaneously, the transition process faced many difficulties, claiming the high social costs in terms of inflation, unemployment, income polarization, reducing purchasing power etc. We believe that one of the directions in which it is necessary to focus the labor market recovery work, its efficiency, optimize the quality of human resources, improving education and training, reducing poverty and unemployment, improve the health of the population. Labor issues are several years unsolved human potential is an outstanding factor in economic and social landscape of the country and local level.

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Romanian Statistical Review 9/2012